Osama bin Laden's "Horrorscope" by Mark Lerner


Dateline Sat. Sept. 15, 2001 1:15AM PDT Eugene, Oregon. After writing two comprehensive and elaborate stories about the shocking attacks against America this past week, I thought I might have a night off from reporting. I was wrong. Here's what happened. With very little sleep the past few days, I logged on to AOL only to find an e-mail giving me Osama bin Laden's birthdate, year and place -- March 10, 1957 in Jeddah (or Jiddah, Saudi Arabia). The e-mail gave a confirmation web link from Interpol, the International Criminal Police Organization, based in Lyon, France and in existence as a worldwide crime-fighting organization since 1923.

My initial response when I receive information like this is to be very skeptical. People have been trying to get Osama bin Laden's birth information for a long time. Even in today's New York Times, a rather large article on his life only said that he was born in the "mid 1950s." Why didn't The New York Times have this information? They usually have great journalists and often have their "Person in the News" column, which almost always gives, at least, the month-day-year for someone. They didn't have this birthdate. In the USA Today newspaper on Wednesday, I did read an article saying that bin Laden was 44 years old. I figured the cause here, of tracking down Osama bin Laden's birthdate, year and place, would have to wait for awhile. That didn't bother me too much. I'm already overwhelmed from juggling so many charts, astrological alignments and cosmic signatures in Parts I and II of this story.

Well, in the midst of a violent lightning and thunderstorm here in Eugene, Oregon -- the first substantial rain in months and a great symbol of the events of the past week -- I decided to try and get through online to Interpol. Luckily, it was easy to get through and I was very impressed with what I found. There on their web site was a full page on bin Laden, with his photo and lots of personal data, physical description, his birthdate and year, place, etc. Very professional, clear, practical. It's pretty much a kind of "Wanted: Dead or Alive" type page, an alert through cyberspace to all other crime-fighting organizations around the world, to be on the lookout for this terrorist. And, most importantly, the data on the Interpol page corresponded to the data sent to me personally in the e-mail. [Note: I will give you the web address of Interpol at the end of this article.]

Now an important point of order. I've been a professional astrologer for 29 years. Normally, I would not publicize a chart like this quickly without trying to get extra confirmation from other sources. However, these are extraordinary times and they demand, in the astrological community, extraordinary responses. So, I have decided to write this article now without waiting. In the event that the birth data for Osama bin Laden somehow turns out to be inaccurate, I will remove this article and chart, and explain what's happening.* My gut feeling right now is that Interpol has probably got it right -- for reasons I will explain in a moment. After all, this is one of the most respected international police groups in the world. Why would they publish a false date and year? *Note on Sat. Sept. 15: Through two more e-mails, it now appears there are two more prospective dates for bin Laden's birth -- June 28, 1957 (from a Forbes story online) and July 30, 1957 from a State Department Fact sheet online. Here are the web links: www.fpc.gov/CRS_reps/crsterr3.htm www.fobes.com/2001/09/0914whoisobl.html#story I will stay on top of this. Astrologer Robert Blaschke has already written a report on the July 30, 1957 date. His chart and analysis could be the correct one. Until we know something for sure, I'm sharing the following based on the Interpol data of March 10, 1957.

What I don't do in these circumstances is start fiddling around with the chart to "rectify" it. I prefer to use a Noon birth time -- giving the most accurate lunar placement within reason -- and then create a "solar chart," which puts the Sun degree on the horizon and creates an Equal House type of birthmap. It's the best solution when a birth time is unknown. Therefore, we will proceed from here, but please remember, it is possible that in the future, there could be an alternative date given for bin Laden. I hope that doesn't occurs.

At this time, I am going to share some astounding ideas concerning the birth of Osama bin Laden. Nevertheless, this feature is going to be a first statement, a starting point, and I am sure more ideas will come streaming in for a future follow-up. The great astrologer Dane Rudhyar was my mentor. I read, re-read and intensely memorized so much of his knowledge and wisdom from his many illuminating books on astrology. In his classic The Lunation Cycle, Dane Rudhyar suggested that you needed to study the New Moon Before Birth for any individual. After all, we all incarnate at some point within the 29+ day solar-lunar cycle. What's important is to know our past, origins, an energy-field happening before this lifetime. Rudhyar said that if the New Moon Before Birth was conjunct a natal planet, then that planet becomes the "channel of destiny." It makes that planet extra-special, powerful, a conduit for mysterious forces of the cosmos. The New Moon just preceding Osama bin Laden's birth occurred on March 1, 1957 at 10+ degrees of Pisces. When Osama bin Laden was born 9 days later, Mercury and Venus would both be located at 10+ Pisces. That means that bin Laden has two channels of destiny! First of all, most charts that I do have none. Once in awhile, I see a chart with one. I don't ever remember seeing a chart with two! But there's more. The asteroid Juno -- which I discussed at length in Part I (connected -- negatively -- to terrorism by the powerless; rage; storms; abuse; victimization themes) -- was located at 11+ Pisces, actually within less than 1/3 degree from the New Moon Before Birth. So, here we have something extremely rare -- a New Moon Before Birth for someone where there are THREE channels of destiny! In this case, Mercury, Venus and Juno.

Looked at more closely, the above paragraph tells us this. Here is a person who is incredibly smart, elusive and tricky (Mercury in Pisces), someone who can be like a chameleon, and an individual gifted with a powerful imagination and memory. Here is an individual who has a great magnetism (Venus) and therefore can bring dozens, hundreds and thousands of people to him, because he is literally a magnet. But a magnet for what? For Piscean and potentially dualistic causes, ideals, religious beliefs. Remember that while Jupiter has always ruled both Sagittarius and Pisces in traditional astrology, in a more general sense, Neptune (ruler of the 6th Ray of Zeal, Fanaticism and Religious Devotion) is affiliated with Pisces. And in the Esoteric Astrology by Alice A. Bailey and the Tibetan Master D.K, Pluto is considered the esoteric ruler of Pisces. Pluto, of course, links to death, extremism, the underworld, secrets, nuclear energy, the spread of terrorism, etc. Venus, one of the three channels of destiny for Osama bin Laden, is also the ruling planet of Taurus. Venus connects with money, assets, resources and banking. Born as the youngest of 20 sons (!) to a Saudi construction magnate, Osama bin Laden grew up in a family and life of privilege and wealth! He wasn't poor and destitute. When his father died in 1968 -- when he was 11 years old (again "11" connecting to Sept. 11, 2001 and his New Moon Before Birth at 11 degrees Pisces -- he inherited a vast fortune of $300 million.

Beyond the planetary channels of destiny -- Mercury and Venus for bin Laden -- we also have the third channel: Juno. You should refer back to the various themes I mentioned throughout Part I. The fact that he has become probably the chief terrorist within the world of Islamic Fundamentalism is certainly linked to Juno as the third channel of destiny. In mythology, Juno was the Queen of Heaven and the consort of Jupiter. Normally associated with diplomacy, marriage, unions, the search for peace, cooperation and civilized behavior, when Juno turns destructive we have terror by the powerless and weak, terrible crimes of abuse and victimization, rages and storms, producing nightmarish destruction of what society holds most dear.

Moving on, if you remember Part II of my story, you will recall the importance of the Summer Solstice map for June 21, 2001. I indicated that 26 Taurus was rising in that chart for Washington, D.C. and that the most violent star in the heavens -- Algol -- had its zodiacal energy present at that Ascendant. When Osama bin Laden was born, his natal Mars (war; bloodshed; strife) was located at 25+ Taurus -- right on Algol and right on the Washington, D.C. Ascendant for the solstice influencing our life during the entire summer! In addition, Mars is at the fulcrum of a potent T-Square triangle at Osama bin Laden's birth. He has an approaching Vesta-Pluto polarity (more on this in a moment!) -- from 26+ Aquarius to 28+ Leo -- with Mars at 26 Taurus, squaring both ends of the Vesta-Pluto opposition. This is a very volatile triangle to be born under and with Mars at the fulcrum, warfare and fighting are natural for this person. It is said, in the few articles I have read about him, that as a college student (he graduated with a degree in civil engineering) he went to bars and was often involved in brawling. [A shadow side of Pisces can be drinking and alcoholic tendencies. Perhaps he did a complete turnaround from this behavior in the late 1970s when he went through a major transformation. It is said that because of the Israeli-Egyptian Camp David accords, the Iranian Islamic Revolution in February 1979 and the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan in December 1979, he changed his life. He is quoted as saying: "I was filled with rage." That is a definite JUNO statement!]

Something that tends to confirm that this is actually Osama bin Laden's birthdate is the following. Examining the Vesta-Pluto part of the T--Square just mentioned reveals that he was born with Vesta approaching a polarity to Pluto and about 2+ degrees away from exactitude. That becomes a permanent "cosmic signature" of his birthchart. When the WTC/Pentagon attacks took place on Sept. 11th, Vesta was -- once again -- approaching a polarity to Pluto, within 1+ degrees of exactitude. In a rare example of celestial synchronicity, the cosmos reproduced the same opposition that Osama bin Laden was born under! What are the odds of that? But it is not only amazing that the same configuration was occurring -- one that can only occur perhaps ever 5 years or so -- but the message of the opposition itself.

I mentioned the importance of Eleanor Bach's views of the four main asteroids in Part I. Again, in her revolutionary book A Graphic Ephemeris of Sensitive Degrees, she gives us the low-down on Vesta. It is filled with revelatory material about what has just happened in the attack on America! Here's a sampling of her references to Vesta written 15 years ago: extremely conservative principle; referring to ethnic purity, home, roots, land; being a zealot or fanatic!; focused on rituals and traditions; linking strongly to safety, security, insurance, investments; locks, keys; fire alarms!; protective services like the police, army, navy; ultra secretive, clandestine and national security agencies like the CIA, FBI; outlawed groups like the KKK, Nazis, Mafia; someone who wants to turn the clock back, to restore and preserve old customs; the priesthood, monks, nuns. I think you get the picture. But here is a direct quote from her book, referring to Vesta: "But, on the other hand, some of these spiritual leaders and the groups they lead are extremely intolerant and destructive, such as religious fundamentalists, whether Christian, Moslem or any other sect. All those religious groups and sects who claim to have a special pipeline to God or Allah, would have us believe that they alone have the truth which will insure entry into paradise after death; after-death insurance. In most cases, they are seeing to their own before-death comfort and security." Later she says this in regard to stations (stoppages in the zodiac) of Vesta -- one of which will happen on October 9, 2001 at 13+ Gemini: "Since Vesta has to do with trust, her stations can indicate the potential for betrayal of trust, such as espionage, violations of national security. Industrial espionage may be indicated by Vesta. The stock market may be in trouble... Vesta is Embassies or Consulates; bits of "home" on foreign turf. Such places are supposed to be "safe," inviolate. But that tradition was shot to hell with the Iranian hostage crisis, where the embassy was taken over, and its personnel taken captive. Conservative fundamentalists, religious or political, may be up in arms, anywhere in the world."

I have deliberately gone on extensively in the above paragraph because you needed to hear it all. Keep in mind for all the negative Vesta that Osama bin Laden seems to symbolize, it is the same Vesta that represents the power of insurance companies (which are now overwhelmed with the disasters from the deaths of 200+ people on the planes and thousands killed at the attack sites, plus the damage to the buildings in NYC and at the Pentagon). It is the same Vesta which rules the stock, bond and financial markets! And the attacks attributed to Osama bin Laden and his operatives in the USA have leveled so much of the financial center of the world in Lower Manhattan. And when you look ever more closely at the Vesta-Pluto polarity for bin Laden, you see that his Vesta is located exactly on America's Moon-Pallas conjunction at 26+ Aquarius from July 4, 1776! This reveals a direction connection between the March 10, 1957 birthdate for bin Laden (via Vesta at 27 Aquarius) and the USA people and their creative ingenuity (Moon-Pallas union at 27 Aquarius).

And I haven't even commented on the fact that what we are discussing here is a Vesta-PLUTO polarity. Think about it! The man is born with Vesta opposing Pluto or Pluto opposing Vesta. Either way, it reveals a person dedicated to destroying (Pluto) the economic values and homeland (Vesta) for America through the means of a clandestine organization (Vesta), networking in a universal way (Vesta in Aquarius), perhaps even via the Internet and high-tech means (Vesta again in Aquarius). Remember that we are now finding out how the hijackers went to aeronautical training schools in the USA! This certainly links to Vesta (national security lapses) in Aquarius (through aviation and high-technology).

While the cosmic signature of Vesta opposite Pluto -- which bin Laden has -- repeated at the attacks on Sept. 11th, there will be three exact polarities of these planetary bodies coming up: Sept. 25, 2001; October 16, 2001; and April 11-12, 2002. As mentioned above, Vesta will be making a station and turning retrograde on October 9, 2001. And we have a strong sense that America, and perhaps many of its allies, may be in full attack mode against Osama bin Laden, and his cells and network, during October, November and beyond. While the Vesta station retrograde is officially on October 9, it is active for several days before and after. And the degree of the station remains in effect for many months. Vesta will stop at 13+ Gemini -- closely opposite Osama bin Laden's natal Saturn at 14+ Sagittarius. Saturn connects to fears, worries, timing, structure, restrictions. And this is a good moment to realize that bin Laden is in the midst of three polarities of transiting Saturn to his natal Saturn! Late August and late October 2001 are the first two times; the last one will be in the first half of May 2002. This is an archetypal turning point in everyone's life and always occurs when a person is 44-45 years old. Symbolically, it is similar to a "second adolescence," reflecting on a higher turn of the spiral, what occurred at about age 14-15. But at age 44-45, a person is also finishing a cycle of perhaps 7 or more years which has included Pluto square Pluto, Neptune square Neptune, and Uranus opposite Uranus. Note that for almost all of September-October 2001 -- due to Saturn's looming station and turn retrograde on September 26 at 14+ Gemini -- Osama bin Laden is experiencing a very stretched-out Saturn-Saturn polarity. It's remarkable that as he experiences this, he is the most wanted man in the world by civilized governments and international police agencies (Saturn exemplified). Even his countenance, to many in the West, seems to represent the traditional images of "Father Time," Chronos, a very Saturn image in our Collective Consciousness.

Do we know his natal Moon placement? Not totally. At noon in his birthplace, the Moon has just entered Cancer. That may seem appropriate for a person of rather conservative beliefs. However, at the moment of the attacks in NYC on Sept. 11th, the Moon was at 28+ Gemini. If bin Laden was born the morning of March 10, 1957 in Jidda, Saudi Arabia, then the coordinated attacks against America would have occurred exactly on his monthly lunar return! We do know that this man was born about a day after a First Quarter Moon with the Moon increasing in light. People born in the First Quarter Sun-Moon Phase have to deal with tangible, often physical or emotional crises and must learn to manage their lives with great finesse and authority. The fact that Osama bin Laden is born with a very close and approaching Sun-Pallas union serves him well. People born under this configuration can be brilliant strategists, seeing all the potentially invisible patterns of life. They are like chessmasters, who can see dozens of moves ahead at one moment. It is a reminder to President Bush, our military and allies NOT to doubt this man's genius and inventiveness. Because his Mercury and Venus both rise ahead of his Sun, they are considered "morning stars." Mercury is thus termed "Prometheus" or "foresight" and Venus is named "Lucifer" as a "bearer of light," harbinger to the Sun about to rise. Mercury and Venus ahead of the Sun means that bin Laden will utilize his mind and emotions as a kind of "antennae system," an advance radar or sonar to know what's just ahead, who is after him, what to expect. These placements can greatly increase his intuition and psychic sensitivity. In the declination system, he is born with a close parallel of Mars and Uranus at 20+ degrees North of the Celestial Equator while Saturn is contra-parallel at 20+ degrees South of the Celestial Equator. And his Moon may be very close to the Mars-Uranus placements. This is kind of similar to his diabolical Vesta-Mars-Pluto T-Square triangle and reinforces his tendencies toward extremism, anger projected toward countries like the Soviet Union (communism) and America (capitalism).

It is noteworthy that as Osama bin Laden entered the Earth plane in March 1957, the world had just experienced the Suez crisis and Hungarian Revolution in 1956. Uranus and Neptune had been squaring each other during 1954-1955-1956 and Osama bin Laden still has this conflict going on at his birth. Let me bring in the traditional chart for the birth of the Muslim Era at this time. This is cast for July 16, 622 A.D. when the Prophet Mohammed gave birth to Islam in Medina, Saudi Arabia. [This chart is given in Nicholas Campion's The Book of World Horoscopes and the date is in the main encyclopedias as well.] When I was given the March 10, 1957 birth data for Osama bin Laden, I quickly grabbed my chart for the start of Islam back in July 622 A.D. I felt certain there would be a major tie. I was right. The last station of revolutionary Uranus preceding Osama bin Laden's birth (November 1956 at 6+ Leo) is exactly on the Lunar North Node (Dragon's Head) for the birth of the Muslim Era. It seems that something radical, shocking and transcendental was in the ethers just before Osama bin Laden was born. He has picked up on those Uranian revolutionary vibrations related to Islamic Fundamentalism and connecting way back to July 622 A.D. In addition, Uranus at the Islamic Fundamentalist Revolution in Iran (Feb. 11, 1979 -- discussed in Part II) was located at 21 Scorpio -- right on Osama bin Laden's Lunar North Node (future; destiny). It is also fascinating that both at the start of the Muslim Era and at Osama bin Laden's birth, Jupiter was moving retrograde and not very integrated with the personal planets in the chart (Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus and Mars). Having Jupiter retrograde can imply going against the rules of society, being a pariah, being a rule-breaker, someone who goes against laws and becomes a law himself. In a very precise, powerful and remarkable link-up, we find that Osama bin Laden's natal Sun/Mars midpoint (22+ Aries) is almost exactly conjunct stationary Pluto (22+ Aries) when the Muslim Era began! There are other links between bin Laden and the birth of the Islamic civilization nearly 1500 years ago!

Let's return to the close square of Uranus and Neptune at Osama bin Laden's birth. This is significant because it symbolizes one of his weaknesses or vulnerabilities. It's kind of a clash between his intuition and imagination. It also signifies the battle now taking place in the world between the old 6th Ray energies (Religious Fanaticism) connected to Neptune and the new 7th Ray energies (Ceremonial Order; Synthesis; White Magic) connected to Uranus. In his very being, he has these archetypes clashing! Note that the foundation chart for Islam -- from July 16, 622 A.D. -- reveals an approaching rare union of Uranus and Neptune in Virgo. Comparing that chart to bin Laden's suggests that he is a wrecking ball for his own culture and religious background -- that rather than being a savior for Islam, he is working against its higher tenets and that he doesn't speak for the greater wisdom within the Islamic religion.

In the Tertiary Progressed techniques discussed in Part II, we find something astounding happening for bin Laden now. For the first time in about 28 years, his Tertiary Progressed Sun is conjunct his natal Neptune at 2+ Scorpio. Because we don't know his exact birth time, we cannot say which day that was or will be precise. However, it is likely it is occurring now or right at the attacks against America. Remember that Neptune links to religious fanaticism. By early October, the Tertiary Progressed Sun will move on to square his natal Uranus (revolution; shocks; surprises) and then somewhere perhaps in the middle of October, he will have a Tertiary Progressed Full Moon at 3+ Scorpio-Taurus -- galvanizing both his natal Uranus and Neptune. He will be clearly in a heightened emotional state and under extreme pressure as the Western powers try to destroy him and his band of followers. It is even more unusual that in Secondary Progressed analysis, he is also having the Secondary Progressed Sun square his natal Uranus. So, he has a double whammy -- two Progressed solar placements both squaring his natal Uranus in 2001! In his Secondary Progressed chart, Mercury (trade; thinking; communications; transportation) is slowing down and nearing a retrograde station that will occur sometime in 2002-2003. It is happening at 19+ Taurus -- which just happens to be America's natal Vesta (our nation's safety; security; homeland)! So many contacts that it seems never-ending.

You may remember that I stressed Juno's placement at 26+ Cancer on Sept. 11th in Part I. That is a big part of the devastation quotient for it is also President Bush's Saturn, Colin Powell's Pluto and Saddam Hussein's Pluto. It is also the transiting Mars/Uranus explosive midpoint from Sept. 11, 2001 and now we see that it is also Osama bin Laden's natal Mars/Jupiter midpoint. Here is another reason for a validation of this birthdate for the world's most-wanted terrorist and a confirmation of his involvement in the terrorist events of Sept. 11, 2001.

Here is another one of those mind-numbing astrological liaisons. The Muslim Era chart from July 622 has the destiny/fate points of the Lunar Nodal Axis at 6+ Leo-Aquarius. This is the precise Lunar Nodal Axis for America, born on July 4, 1776! The nodal axis has a 18+ year cycle through the zodiac and this link is at the same degrees! Then add on that Pluto (death; extremes; power; underworld) for the completion of work on the Pentagon (January 15, 1943) was also at 6+ Leo and that Neptune (religious fanaticism) on Sept. 11, 2001 was at 6+ Aquarius. President Bush is born with 7+ Leo rising -- almost exactly conjunct all of these points and placements. This also reminds us that the President is in the midst of experiencing the bewildering, rare and once-in-a-lifetime transit of Neptune crisscrossing his 7th house cusp (chaos or imagination in relationships and links to allied nations). It may mean that it is important for the President to form alliances and not go it alone in response. He appears to be doing that, but will he keep doing that in the months to come or turn back to unilateral action if some of our allies back away? There is a divine orchestration here that is unsettling and awe-inspiring.

A further signal that March 10, 1957 is the right birthdate for Osama bin Laden is that the Moon is found moving from a conjunction to Mars to one with Uranus. In fact, the explosive midpoint of Mars/Uranus -- so strong itself on Sept, 11, 2001 -- may be conjunct his natal Moon. That is another celestial signature of someone who was born to be a rabble-rouser, rebel, iconoclast. One of the most revealing facts of a birthchart, often ignored by students, is what two bodies the Moon is linking in the chart simply by its position. The planet the Moon last united with is something deeply buried in the soul's history. For Osama bin Laden, it is Mars, planet of war and bloodshed. The planet the Moon is approaching by conjunction is a force or quality the personality in this lifetime is striving to understand, assimilate, energize. For bin Laden, this is Uranus, planet of revolution, change and intuitive thinking.

In closing this time, I want to stress that every New Moon, Full Moon and Equinox in the next few months, will be very powerful -- galvanizing the military response of America and the West to this extreme attack. The dates to watch are Sept. 17 (New Moon), Sept. 22 (Fall Equinox), Oct. 2 (Full Moon), Oct. 16 (New Moon) and Nov. 1 (Full Moon). In addition to many of the dates I have already mentioned in Parts I and II of this continuing story, I am most concerned about the Oct. 2 Full Moon chart and the Full Moon on Nov. 1. At the Oct. 2 Full Moon, Mars and Jupiter will be just one day away from a polarity -- energizing 14+ Capricorn-Cancer. That will square Mercury and the Ascendant from the first attack on Sept. 11, 2001. It will also square America's natal Saturn exactly. Furthermore, in Afghanistan on Oct. 2, the Moon will rise while Mars (war) is precisely overhead and Jupiter (America's ruling planet; BIG superpower) is exactly below. At the Nov. 1 Full Moon, Pluto rises right through Baghdad (the Saddam Hussein connection), while Saturn sets right through Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and Teheran, Iran (home of the 1979 birth of Islamic Fundamentalism). And on Nov. 2, the day after this Full Moon, Saturn opposes Pluto exactly while Jupiter stops and goes retrograde. Remember, too, that Osama bin Laden has many cells and contacts throughout Indonesia. That country is filled with Islamic Fundamentalist extremists who support the radical views and actions of Osama bin Laden. The Saturn-Pluto polarity is having a major impact on Indonesia through many of these New and Full Moons.

Lastly, the lunation just before any event must be looked at as a major influence. There was something missing concerning the Sept. 2, 2001 Full Moon ever since it occurred. I kept looking at the Sun-Moon degrees energized -- 10+ Virgo-Pisces -- wondering: What or who are those degrees activating? The Full Moon was close (1 degree) to President Bush's Mars, but there had to be more. This brings us back to the very beginning of this lengthy article, where I discussed the three channels of destiny at work when Osama bin Laden was born. Remember his natal Mercury, Venus and Juno trio all at 11 Pisces? Not only was the Full Moon preceding the attack against America on Sept. 11th exactly igniting his triple conjunction (!), but transiting Jupiter (success; fortune) at the Sept. 2 Full Moon was at 10+ Cancer -- exactly trining (harmony; flow) his triple conjunction in Pisces. Apparently, this Full Moon provided an incredible level of support for his covert work here in the USA on the East Coast. This is a stark reminder that we need to be aware of these lunations and study as many charts as possible to understand the deeper levels of what's happening in mundane astrology. Please e-mail me with your findings. Interpol's web address is: www.interpol.int/public/wanted/notices/data/1998/32/1998_20232.asp

Copyright 2001 by Mark Lerner and Great Bear Enterprises, Ltd. All rights reserved.

[Mark Lerner is the publisher of Welcome to Planet Earth. Please reach him at markgobear@aol.com or by writing to Mark Lerner, The Great Bear, PO Box 12007, Eugene OR 97440.]